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Geeta Chapter 6 - The Way of Meditation

The Lord said:

  1. He who does his duty without expecting the fruit of action is both sankhya and karma yogi. He is not a sanyasi who has merely renounced yajnya. And he who has simply given up action is not a yogi.

  2. Arjuna, you must know that what they call Sanyasa is no other than yoga; for none, without giving up thoughts of the world can become a sanyasi.

  3. For the man of meditation wishing to attain purification of heart leading to yoga, work is said to be the way .For him when he has attained such inaction absence of all thoughts is said to be the way.

  4. Surely, when there is no attachment, either to sense-objects, or to actions, having renounced all thoughts, then is one said to have attained yoga.

  5. A man should uplift himself by his own self; so let him not weaken this self. For this Self is the friend of oneself, and this Self is the enemy of oneself.

  6. The active part of our nature is the friend of the Self, for him who has conquered himself by this Self. But to the unconquered self, this Self is like foe.

  7. The supreme spirit is rooted in the knowledge of the self-controlled man whose mind is perfectly calm in the midst of pairs of opposites, such as cold and heat, joy and sorrow, and honour and dishonour.

  8. One whose heart is filled with satisfaction by wisdom and realization, who is unmoved under all circumstances, whose senses are conquered, and to whom a lump of earth, stone and gold are the same is known as steadfast or a Yogi.

  9. He who looks upon well-wishers and neutrals as well as mediators, friends and foes, relatives and hateful, the virtuous and the sinful with equal regard, stands supreme.

  10. A Yogi should constantly practice meditation remaining in seclusion all by himself, with the mind and body subdued, and free from hope and possession.

  11. Having established in a clean spot, his seat firm, neither too high nor too low, made of a cloth, a skin, and kusa-grass below.

  12. Occupying that seat, concentrating the mind and controlling the functions of the mind and senses, he should practice yoga for self-purification.

  13. Let him firmly hold his body, head, and neck erect and still, gazing at the tip of his nose, and not looking around.

  14. Firm in the vow of complete purity and fearless, keeping himself perfectly calm and with the steadfast mind fixed on Me, the vigilant yogi should sit absorbed in Me.

  15. Thus constantly applying mind to Me, the yogi of disciplined mind attains the everlasting peace, consisting of supreme bliss, which abides in Me.

  16. Yoga is not for him who eats too much or too little or, for him who sleeps too much or too little.

  17. To him who is moderate in eating and recreation, in his effort for work, and in sleep and wakefulness, yoga becomes the destroyer of misery.

  18. When the completely controlled mind rests serenely in the self-alone, free from longing after all desires, then is one called steadfast.

  19. The subdued mind of a Yogi is like a sheltered lamp, which does not flicker in the wind.

  20. The state in which, through the practice of yoga, the mind becomes still; and in that state, realizing God through subtle reason the soul rejoices only in God.

  21. In this state the soul experiences the eternal and infinite joy, which can be reached only through the subtle and purified intellect, and wherein established the said yogi does not move from truth on any account.

  22. And having obtained that in which he does not reckon any other gain as greater than that, and established in which he is not shaken even by the severest of sorrows.

  23. That state is called yoga, which is free from the contact of sorrow; this yoga should be resolutely practiced with perseverance.

  24. Completely renouncing all desires arising from thoughts of the world, and fully restraining the whole lot of the senses from all sides by the mind, he should through gradual practice attain tranquility.

  25. Fixing the mind on God through reason controlled by steadfastness, he should not think of anything else.

  26. Drawing back the restless and unsteady mind from all those objects after which it runs, he should repeatedly fix it on self.

  27. During the course of time, supreme bliss comes to yogi of perfectly tranquil mind, with passions calmed, and who is one with Brahman, the embodiment of truth, knowledge and bliss.

  28. The yogi, thus uniting his self constantly with the Supreme, easily enjoys the eternal Bliss of oneness with Brahman.

  29. The yogi sees evenness of identity with the all-pervading, infinite consciousness, and beholds the Self present in all beings and all beings in the Self.

  30. He who sees Me in all things and sees all things in Me, he never becomes separated from Me, nor do I become separated from him.

  31. The yogi who is established in union with Me, and worships Me as residing in all beings abides in Me, no matter how he lives.

  32. He who looks upon pleasure or pain to anyone, by the same standard as he applies to himself, that yogi, O Arjuna, is regarded as the highest.

Arjuna said:

  1. Krishna, owing to restlessness of mind I do not perceive the possibility attaining success in this Yoga of equanimity, which you have just spoken of.

  2. For, the mind is very unsteady, turbulent, tenacious and powerful; therefore, I consider it as difficult to control as the wind.

Sri Bhagavan said:

  1. The mind is restless no doubt, and difficult to control, Arjuna, but it can be brought under control by repeated practice and by the exercise of restraint.

  2. Yoga is hard to be attained by one of uncontrolled self; such is my conviction; but the self-controlled, striving by right means can attain it.

Arjuna said:

  1. Though possessed of Sraddha but unable to control himself, with the mind wandering away from yoga, and failing to gain perfection in yoga, what end does one meet?

  2. Strayed from the path leading to God-Realization and without anything to stand upon, is he not lost like the torn cloud, deprived of both God-Realization and heavenly enjoyment?

  3. Krishna I request you to dispel this doubt of mine completely, for none other than you can clear this doubt.

The Lord said:

  1. Arjuna, there is no fall for him either here or hereafter. For none who strives for the good ever meets with evil destiny.

  2. Such person obtains higher worlds, and having lived there for countless years he takes birth in a pure and noble family.

  3. Or else he is born in the family of yogis; but such birth in this world is very rare to obtain.

  4. There he regains the intelligence acquired in previous birth, and he strives more than before, for perfection.

  5. Due to the sheer force of his past action he feels drawn towards God. Even the one who has desire for Yoga rises better than the performer of Vedic actions.

  6. Yogi, making continuous efforts, purified of taint, gradually gaining perfection through many births reaches the highest goal.

  7. Yogi is superior to ascetics; he is superior those who obtain wisdom through shastras. He is also superior to those who perform action according to Vedas. Therefore you be a Yogi.

  8. Of all Yogis, he who devotedly worships Me with his mind focused on Me is considered by Me the best Yogi.

 

End of sixth chapter designated as, Way of Meditation.