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History of Republic Day

Republic Day

You may also like - Republic Day Festivities, History of Indian National Flag

The Republic Day of India commemorates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force replacing the Government of India Act 1935 as the governing document of India on 26 January 1950. The 26th January was chosen to honor the memory of the declaration of independence of 1930. It is one of the three national holidays in India.

Although India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947, it did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead, its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935, and the country was a Dominion, with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as Governor General. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with B R Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates the coming into force of its constitution.

This was the day when our rights and duties were brought to a concrete form. It holds a lot of value in every Indian’s heart and mind. The patriotic fervor of the people on this day brings the whole country together even in her essential diversity. Every part of the country is represented in occasion, which makes the Republic Day the most popular of all the national holidays of India.
To mark the importance of the occasion, every year a grand parade is held in the capital, New Delhi, from the Raisina Hill near the Rashtrapati Bhavan (President's Palace), along the Rajpath, past India Gate . Prior to its commencement, the Prime Minister lays a floral wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, a solemn reminder of the sacrifice of the martyrs who died for the country in the freedom movement and the succeeding wars for the defence of sovereignty of their country . Thereafter he reaches the main dais at Rajpath to join other dignitaries, subsequently the President arrives along with the chief guest of the occasion. First he unfurls the National flag, as the National Anthem is played, and a 21-gun salute is given. Next, important awards like the Ashok Chakra and Kirti Chakra are given away by the President, before the regiments of Armed Forces start their march past.
The parade is followed by a pageant of spectacular displays from the different states of the country. These moving exhibits depict scenes of activities of people in those states and the music and songs of that particular state accompany each display. Each display brings out the diversity and richness of the culture of India and the whole show lends a festive air to the occasion. The parade and the ensuing pageantry is telecast by the National Television and is watched by millions of viewers in every corner of the country.

Celebrations are also held in state capitals, where the Governor of the state unfurls the national flag. If the Governor of the state is unwell, or is unavailable for some reason, the Chief Minister of the state assumes the honor of unfurling the National Flag of India. On this day India became a totally republican unit. The country finally realized the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the numerous freedom fighters who, fought for and sacrificed their lives for the Independence of their country. So, the 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and has been recognized and celebrated as the Republic Day of India, ever since.

Festivities of the Day

Republic day parade in New Delhi begins from the Raisina Hills near Rashtrapati Bhavan (President’s Palace) through Rajpath, past India Gate and concludes in Red Fort. It includes vibrant parades, floats and ends with fly past from the Airforce Jets. The official conclusion of the festivities occur on Jan 29 following the beating the retreat...Click here to read more


Bhartiya Sanvidhan (Constitution of India)

constitution of IndiaThe Constitution of India (popularly known by its Hindi Name “Bhartiya Sanvidhan”) is the supreme law of India. A constitution is a written document that contains a set of rules for a government. It defines the fundamental political principles, and establishing the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of a government. By limiting the government's own reach, most constitutions guarantee certain rights to the people. Indian Constitution is the lengthiest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 95 amendments, for a total of 117,369 words in the English language version. It is also available in Hindi.

The Constitution was enacted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950.  The date 26th January was chosen to honor The Purna Swaraj declaration, or Declaration of the Independence of India,  promulgated by the Indian National Congress on January 26, 1930. The Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic, assuring its citizens of justice, equality, and liberty, and endeavors to promote fraternity among them. India celebrates the adoption of the constitution on 26 January each year as Republic Day.

The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies. Sanjay Phakey, Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Sandipkumar Patel, Dr Ambedkar, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, Nalini Ranjan Ghosh, and Balwantrai Mehta were some important figures in the Assembly.

There were more than 30 members of the scheduled classes. Sarojini Naidu, Hansa Mehta, Durgabai Deshmukh, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and Vijayalakshmi Pandit were important women members. The first president of the Constituent Assembly was Dr Sachidanand Sinha. Later, Rajendra Prasad was elected president of the Constituent Assembly. The members of the Constituent Assembly met for the first time on 9 December 1946.
Amendments to the Constitution are made by the Parliament, the procedure for which is laid out in Article 368. An amendment bill must be passed by both the Houses of the Parliament by a two-thirds majority and voting. In addition to this, certain amendments which pertain to the federal nature of the Constitution must be ratified by a majority of state legislatures.
Some Facts:
•    Neither the Constitution of India, nor any Indian law defines any national language.
•    The Indian constitution adopted in 1950, envisaged the gradual phasing in of Hindi, to replace English over a fifteen-year period, but gave Parliament the power to, by law, provide for the continued use of English even thereafter. But due to resistance to “ Hindi “ as the sole official language resulted in English being retained for official uses.
•    In 1964 again, an attempt was made to expressly provide for an end to the use of English, but it was protested by many states.
•    The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages
•    The words "socialist" and "secular" were added to the definition in 1976 by constitutional amendment.
The full text of Indian Constitution is available on http://india.gov.in/govt/constitutions_india.php

History of Republic Day - This was the day when our rights and duties were brought to a concrete form. It holds a lot of value in every Indian’s heart and mind. The patriotic fervor of the people on this day brings the whole country together even in her essential diversity. Every part of the country is represented in occasion, which makes the Republic Day the most popular of all the national holidays of India. Click here to read more.....

 

Happy Sankranthi

Happy Sankranthi! The only Indian Festival that falls on the same day every year. Sweets made up of Jaggery (special Indian Molasses available at Indian Grocery stores) have a special place. Til or sesame seeds are also used as main ingredient in the special preparations. Til or Sesame seeds are rich in calcium and gul or the jaggery is rich in iron. Tilgul is one of the most nutritious sweets.


Gul Poli - A tortilla or roti made with Jaggery and sesame seeds

Happy Diwali

Sankranthi or Pongal - Information about this festival celebrated in South Asia

Tilgul the most nutritious sweet

Karnataka style Pulyogore, a rice made on special occasions

Deep Pakora

Ponganalu or appe or fadda - a breakfast item is a cross between idalli and vada

Coconut Rice - A special rice made on festive occasions


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