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Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagar

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KrishnadevarayaKrishnadevaraya of the Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanager empire was the most popular and successful ruler. He ruled from 1509 to 1529. This was the golden period for the Vijayanagar Empire and during its zenith the empire extended its influence on its neighboring rulers too. He defeated the Bahamani Sultans of Deccan and annexed Bijapur, Gulbarga and Bidar. He subdued the local rulers and extended his kingdom to Krishna, Godavari and Kaveri rivers. He defeated the Gajapatis of Orissa to control much of Andhra including Telangana region. The defeated Gajapati King offered his daughter in marriage, who became Krishnadevraya’s third queen. His relations with the Portuguese were friendly. The Portuguese had established them selves in Goa. He used their expertise to improve the water distribution in Vijayanaager city. During its time Vijayanagar was the best provided city in the world.
Kannada and Telugu were the official languages of the court. He considered the ruler should always have an eye on the dharma and this reflected in his extensive annual tours of the kingdom where he tried to assess the situation himself. Art and literature flourished under his rule. His contribution to architecture can be viewed in the beautiful ruins of Hampi even today.. He was fluent in several languages including his mother tongue Tulu. His reign was a golden period for Telugu literature. Kannada, Sanskrit and Tamil literature was also patronized by Krishnadevraya.
Eight poets known as Astadiggajalu (eight elephants in the eight cardinal points) were part of his court. His court was known as Bhuvana-vijayamu. According to the Vaishnavite religion there are eight elephants in eight corners in space and hold the earth in its place. Similarly these eight poets were the eight pillars of his literary assembly. These eight poets were Allasani Peddana, Nandi Thimmana, Madayyagari Mallana, Dhurjati, Ayyala-raju Rama-Bhadrudu, Pingali Surana, Ramaraju Bhushanudu and Tenali Rama Krishna.  Allasani Peddana was considered the greatest poet of them all and is known as the Andhra Kavita Pitamaha (the father of Telugu poetry). Tenali RamaKrishna or Tenali Rama is the most popular of them all and has many folk stories portraying his quick wit. Krishnadevaraya also wrote Amuktamalyada in Telugu.
Mallanarya, Chatu Vittalanatha, Timmanna Kavi and Vyasatirtha were the Kannada poets patronized by Krishnadevaraya. Vyasatirtha was also a Sanskrit scholar and produced works of literature in both Kannada and Sanskrit. Tamil poet Haridasa was also patronized by the king.
He was a Vaishnavite but was very tolerant towards other sects of Hinduism. He lavished the Tirumala Venkateswara Temple with diamond studded crowns and swords. He commissioned his statue along with his two wives in the temple complex.

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Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagar

Cock and Hen

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

Akbar birbal chutkuleSince Birbal always outwitted Akbar, Akbar thought of a plan to make Birbal look like a fool. One morning, he gave one egg to each of his ministers before Birbal reached the court. When Birbal arrived, the king narrated a dream he had had the previous night saying that he would be able to judge the honesty of his ministers if they were able to bring back an egg from the royal garden pond. Akbar asked all his courtiers to go to the pond, one at a time and return with an egg. One by one, all his ministers went to the pond and returned with the egg which he had previously given them.

Then it was Birbal's turn. He jumped into the pond and could find no eggs. He finally realized that the King was trying to play a trick on him. So he entered the court crowing like a cock. The Emperor asked him to stop making that irritating noise and then asked him for the egg. Birbal smiled and replied that only hens lay eggs, and as he was a cock, he could not produce an egg.
Everyone laughed loudly and the King realized that Birbal could never be easily fooled.

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.


Cock and Hen

Oil Merchant and the Butcher

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

Akbar Birbal Chutkule

Once, there was a big quarrel between an oil seller and a butcher. When they could not come to terms with each other, they came to Birbal to solve their dispute. When Birbal asked the butcher the reason behind the quarrel, he said, "I was selling meat in my shop when this oil seller came to me and asked to bring the oil-container. But, when l had gone inside to bring it, he took my bag full of money and started saying that it belonged to him."-

The oil-seller interrupted, "No, .sir, this is not true. The bag is really' mine. While I was putting coins in the bag, he saw the bag full of money" and said that it was his. Now, you must do justice."
Birbal asked them again and again to tell the truth but both said that they were telling the truth.

Finally, - Birbal filled a vessel. with water' and dipped all the coins from the bag in it. At oriee,: some oil started floating upon the water; it clearly meant that the bag belonged to
the oil-seller. So, Birbal gave the bag of coins to the oil-seller and punished the butcher.

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

TALL Tales

A professional talker often came to Emperor Akbar' court. He was an expert in spinning yarns of all kinds. Once he thought of making fun of Birbal. He came to the Emperor's court. Then he said to the Emperor, "Your Majesty, today I saw a very funny sight. A goat was pulling a tiger by his ears." The Emperor was quite amused. Just then Birbal arrived there. He said, "It was nothing compared to what I saw.... Click here to read more



Oil Merchant and the Butcher

Tall Tales

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

Akbar Birbal ChutkuleA professional talker often came to Emperor Akbar' court. He was an expert in spinning yarns of all kinds. Once he thought of making fun of Birbal. He came to the Emperor's court. Then he said to the Emperor, "Your Majesty, today I saw a very funny sight. A goat was pulling a tiger by his ears." The Emperor was quite amused. Just then Birbal arrived there. He said, "It was nothing compared to what I saw a few days ago. A villager went to the river with his buffalo. A crocodile caught the villager's leg and started pulling him in the water. Therefore he held fast to the buffalo's tail. The crocodile and the buffalo started a tug of war. At last the crocodile took away the lower portion of the villager's body in the water. The upper portion remained hanging by the buffalo's tail. Just then a doctor was passing by. He joined the lower portion of a goat to the villager's remaining body. And that villager is still alive."
On hearing this the talker became silent. He dared not come to the court for a long long time.

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

Tall Tales

The Thief's Beard Has a Twig

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

Akbar Birbal ChutkuleOne day, the Emperor thought of an idea to dupe Birbal. He gave his ring to one of the courtiers and asked him to keep quiet. When Birbal came to the court, the Emperor said to him, "Birbal, look, today I lost my ring! In the morning, it was with . me, but I removed it during my bath. When I came back, I saw that the ring· had disappeared! I am sure that one of the courtiers must have stolen it. I have heard that you are a good astrologer. Now, you must find out the thief. My ring is very precious and as my father had given it to me, it is of great value to me." Birbal said, "Where had you kept the ring before going for the bath?" The Emperor pointed towards a cupboard. Birbal went near the cupboard and placed his ear close to it as if he was hearing something. After some time, Birbal came to the Emperor and said, "The cupboard is saying that there is a small twig in the beard of the person who has stolen the ring." When the courtier with the ring heard Birbal, he touched his heard with fear to examine it. Birbal saw what he did and at once took him before the Emperor and said, "This is the thief!" The Emperor was very pleased with him and gave him a handsome reward.

Read more Akbar Birbal stories here.

The Thief's Beard Has a Twig

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